Proceedings of the 4th Velomobile Seminar

on Assisted Human Powered Vehicles

Der Tagungsband des vierten Velomobil-Seminars umfasst 256 Seiten und die folgenden Kapitel:

  • Introduction
  • Health and Power
  • Drive-Trains
  • Vehicle Concepts and Design
  • Practical and proven Vehicles
  • Marketing and Transportation
  • Aerodynamics versus Weight and Assisted Power
  • Combustion Assists
  • Boats and Amphibious Vehicles
  • Comfort

Velomobiles powered by pure human power can achieve - due to their good aerodynamics - great speeds (hour record 78 km/h) and also provide excellent weather protection, but their extra weight is a handicap for non-athletes in hilly areas. On the other hand electrically assisted bicycles offer the highest average speeds in urban riding but little comfort and weather protection. Merging these two classes of vehicles we will possibly arrive at vehicles which protect from too much sunshine and too much rain, which are aerodynamically efficient but nevertheless as fast in the hills as in the flat!

>The Velomobile Seminar 1999 took place August 18 1999 at Interlaken, Switzerland.

>The proceedings: They contain 27 papers on 256 pages: 21 papers deal with the main topic "Assisted HPV" and 6 papers are about HPV in general.

>The proceedings contain many figures and pictures.

Proceedings of the Velomobile Seminar 1999
"Assisted Human Powered Vehicles and Velomobiles - Wettergeschützte E-Fahrräder"

First edition - Liestal : Future Bike,  Switzerland (Ed. Fuchs and Schmidt) 1999

ISBN 3-9520694-1-8



A. Fuchs & Th. Schmidt

What Good is Power Assist? An
Introduction to the Velomobile Seminar

Hannes Neupert

Chancen der Kombination von HPV mit


Health and Power

Allan V. Abbott

Health and the Reintegration of
Physical Activity into Lifestyles in the New Millenium

C.G. Rasmussen

Who Needs Power Assist?

P. Zamparo, C. Capelli & P.

Energy Cost and Mechanical
Efficiency of Riding a Four Wheels Human Powered 'Recumbent' Vehicle (karbyk)



H.P. Barbey

Development of a New Concept of
Power Transmission Considering Human Performance

Andreas Fuchs

Chainless Electrical Human-Power
Transmissions and their likely Applications


Vehicle Concepts and Design

L. Bergeron, L. Clement & A.

Urban Quadracycle

John Jostins

Greenheart MicroCab Project - The
question of hybrid power: Combining human and electric power in an ultra lightweight vehicle

Harald Kutzke

The 'Scooter Bike' as an example for
an 'Active Bicycle' with electric transmission

Ch. Henry, U. Michel & Theo

PedalLine, a new VeloTaxi concept


Practical and proven Vehicles

Mario Chiaffrino

Assisted Velomobile-Project

Eberhardt Scharnowski

The HALF-Mobiles: Experience gained

Ian Sims

Cycling Hills in Top Gear - Power
Assistance for Trikes

Robert K. (Bob) Stuart

The Car-Cycle X-4 , a Pioneer of
Integrated Suspension

R. Schnyder & P. Zeller

Twike - pedalling on the highway


Marketing and Transportation

Ed Benjamin

Selling Pedelecs to the USA Market

German Eslava

Experiance of Power Assisted Velomobiles Based on the Cab-Bike Usage Within Modena European
Union Supported Practical Test

Stefan Gloger

Traffic Mode Selection and the Future of Individual Transportation


Aerodynamics versus Weight and Assist Power

Nickolas Hein

The Weight vs. Wind Resistance
Tradeoff - Making Sense of it

Stefan König

The Velocity of Single-Track Recumbents and Multi-Track Velomobiles in Everyday-Use

Michael Saari

What Do We Mean by 'Range' anyway?
Some Sensible Methods, and a Windfall Result


Combustion Assists

John Tetz

Up-Hill Assist

I. Urieli, E. Lyles & A.

A Bridled Electric Assisted HPV
Complemented by a Stirling Engine/Generator Range Extender


Boats and Amphibious Vehicles

Theo Schmidt

Extra Energy on the Water

Olli Kuusisto

Perspirator Witch - An Attempt to a
Human-/Electric Powered Vehicle with Amphibious and Solar Options



M. Wächter, N. Zacharias & F. Riess The Validation of SimBike

a Development Tool for Bicycle Suspensions


  • General References and Addresses
  • Proceedings of the Velomobile Seminars 1 - 3
  • Add-on propulsion unit for wheelchairs